HKIA Directory. 2005 Architects Practices
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Act of Parliament Architect Act N. In recent years, Botswana and Fiji have both reviewed their registration acts. The CAA has drawn upon the experience of its member organisations to provide advice thereby helping to share best practice. Interestingly, however, it appears to remain a problem in several other countries despite the regulations prohibiting it. So, yes, Uganda has practicing architects, but there are another undocumented diploma holders, graduates, etc delivering work.
Setting aside the anomalies created by the combination of architects and engineers in Cyprus and Malta see note accompanying 7. A recent survey by the Commonwealth Association of Planners CAP suggests that similar issues affect the planning profession in a number of Commonwealth countries. Institutes which fail to convert registered architects as members are progressively losing market share and will need to work harder to demonstrate the value of membership.
Figure 19 Ratio of female to male architects 32 In , Nottingham University reports the ratio of female to male first year students as being 69! The issue of gender balance has been a subject of considerable interest in recent years with a continuing trend of more women leaving the profession than men over their lifetime even though the number of women studying architecture has increased in many places It is noted that the ratios for the UK and Australia are relatively low and may be accounted for by the relatively high cost of childcare and reduced family support.
Sole Practitioners A limited liability company can offer architect. Only a handful of respondents were able to answer this question and the wide variety of responses received suggests that this data should be treated with caution. While many respondents provided responses in local currency, Australia and Pakistan both gave figures in GBP. It is interesting to note the Institute of Architects Bangladesh also serves as the registration body. In all other cases, the registration authority is a separate entity from the membership body.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that enforcement of building code is weak in a number of countries and this may be partly due to the fact that, in most Commonwealth countries, there is no requirement for a qualified professional to prepare the building permit application or undertake routine site inspections.
While many countries still appear to be operating recommended fee scales, it is noted that only Botswana, Ghana and Uganda are obliged to use them. ARC in process of generating standard requirements 5 years Determined by services agreement and civil law Varies by province. It is understood that Ghana and Malta are in the process of implementation a programme of mandatory insurance. While no benchmarks exist regarding the number of schools of architecture per head of population, it will be noted that the average for developed economies such as the Australia, Hong Kong and Australia is around 0.
It is interesting to compare this with figures from other, especially those from countries which are rapidly urbanising as this highlights the urgent need to find alternative means by which to accelerate capacity development. While not captured by the survey responses, it is known that issues also exist regarding the lack of consistency of education standards among certain Commonwealth countries.
The CAA helps to support education standards by means of its of its validation process Countries to the left of trend have more schools than average. Countries to the right have fewer schools than average. While students can of course apply independently to study overseas, the cost of tuition is often prohibitively expensive and can only be afforded by the wealthy. It is noted that Botswana does not currently have a validation body.
Antigua and Barbuda did not provide a response to this question. Continuing Professional Development CPD is important if architects are to keep abreast of current practice in terms of design, technology contract law etc.
It is noted that Malta is in the process of developing its mandatory CPD requirements. With the exception of South Africa, most regions are predicting a positive outlook and are forecasting an increase in construction activity. The UK predicts only modest growth and is likely to be subject to uncertainties surrounding Brexit for some time. Note: The above figures were supplied by respondents in a variety of different currencies and from a variety of different sources.
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They have all been expressed in GBP and factored for purchasing power parity for comparison purposes. It is interesting to note the relative size of the Australian market bearing in mind the fact that its population is less than half that of the UK. The majority of respondents appear to indicate a recovery from the global financial crisis of , but with Australia, Malta and the UK indicating a somewhat stagnant market over the past 12 months. The bail-out of the two major Banks and the economy Government policies favouring increasing foreign highincome residents and liberalised planning policies which boost demand for residential accommodation and offices Brexit.
The responses to this question reveal the impact of a range of external influences on the market for architectural services, ranging from extreme weather events to political uncertainty and the global financial crisis. Profession is regulated by each provincial legislature; generally regulated by Attorney General of each province.
Resilience architectural on architectural Officer? No single recognised body but government and public organisations do sometimes hold competitions. For ideas competitions, only monetary prizes are available. Planning legislation at local council, regional, to state to national level.
Resource Management Act.
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The Sustainable Development Goals were agreed upon at the United Nations by countries in September and comprise a series of voluntary commitments to help end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for everyone. Effective renewable The architectural profession is Energy efficiency regulations energy policies developed? The zero-energy buildings ZEB concept regards buildings whose net energy consumption is roughly equal to renewable energy generated or elsewhere With the European Parliament Energy Performance of Buildings Directive40 requiring all new buildings to be nearly zero-energy by the end of public buildings by and Canada putting in place some highly visible initiatives such as the ecoENERGY Innovation Initiative launched by Prime Minister Harper in US Department of Energy, September A clearer sense of priorities, backed by measurable objectives and comprehensive plans and policies are required to achieve meaningful change.
Its aim is to respond to Goal 11 of the Sustainable Development Goals to make cities safe, inclusive resilient and sustainable. The New Urban Agenda provides a framework for achieving sustainable urban development. The survey concluded with a section inviting respondents to highlight any issues which are affecting the profession in their country.
The phrasing of the questions is intentionally more open and the responses therefore more subjective; the intention being to allow respondents to identify areas requiring further attention. Lack of planning. Enforcement of laws in the built environment laws. Lack of land, housing, labour. The country needs a complete re-evaluation of spatial planning processes, with a long-term vision, and a political long-term commitment to achieve the vision. Transport issues are probably the most serious at the moment.
Resilience to natural disasters, warm dry homes. Building control under the authority of non-professionals. Lack of Building control implementation. South Africa is a diverse country with vast differences in standards of living. Limited government and municipal spending of infrastructural development and maintenance are problematic. Housing shortages remain a problem with social housing mostly being designed by Engineers. Sound and Air pollution, sustainable building design, environmental friendly energy services generated within the project.
Outdated laws to govern the built environment. The market is majorly dominated by foreign firms. Physical planning has not been a government priority. Sustainability; Climate Change adaptation and resilience; Reducing Carbon emissions; High quality and affordable housing delivery; ageing infrastructure; Brexit; ageing population. What are the most important challenges Lack of respect for the profession.
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Lack of respect Relevance, inability for the to construct profession. Lack of respect Raising the standard for theofprofession. Lack procurement BOT of respect formethod the profession. Lack of local respect construction for the profession. Lack of respect Insufficient opportunities for the profession. Achieving quality in the face of strong development pressures, without appropriate regulation.
Hong Kong architecture
Preserving a role for the small local practice architect in the face of global firms with overwhelming resources. Lack in Role of projects, respect for professional the profession. Lack of building respect for control the profession. The Architectural Profession in South Africa is under threat of implosion. The Public have little cognisance of any differences in registration categories, but rather see value in a Council Registration Number. Implementation of Design and Built projects as a main procurement system. Foreign Architects practicing here violating the UIA declarations on cross boarder practices.
Still a lot of corruption Poor enforcement of the existing regulations The schedule of fees is not on course. Brexit; adapting to digital design in construction.
What are the most important challenges No architectural institution in the country, cost of education abroad. The ideological battle between an educational model that concerns itself with the lowest common denominator, facing the architectural education in and one which fosters and promotes excellence. Raising the standard of design. Practitioners require a PhD to teach in the Architecture Schools thus students miss out on certain practical aspects. Significant changes have been implemented in recent years. Biggest challenge is the ability to manoeuvre the route between the need to preserve traditional forms and landscapes and the desire to modernise.
Keith Griffiths (architect)
The profession is still struggling to integrate the increasing component of technology, and hence the technical competence of the professional. Access given high fees. Lack of trained faculty staff. Reduced funding for universities, the institutional viability requirement to increase student numbers, and an emphasis on staff research outputs, are seeing an increasing burden being placed on Academics, and consequently a reduction in staff-student contact time. The relevance of certain existing course offerings are being questioned in regard colonial undertones and Africanism.
Para professionals are trying to establish their selves as fully qualified professionals. High student to teacher ratio very few lecturers. Making stronger and clearer connections between academic education and the professional context primary recommendation of the RIBA Education review. There has been an improvement in the profession in terms of working hours over the past ten years. Illegal practice of architecture. Moderately, yes, despite the efforts of the peak professional body. Surveys indicate that despite the attention drawn to the issues, the pressure on practices to meet project-related deadlines only increases.
Architects are required to work harder and longer hours, often without pay. Working conditions in practice have remained largely unchanged.
Agency - Hong Kong Design Centre
The culture of practice requires long hours and commitment. There are more jobs in our sector now than there were in the past ten years. More job opportunity in this area of the Asia region means more work. More control from client and government means more administration work. Pressure to work for longer hours has become higher not lower. Use of Computer aided drafting and presentation tools has almost replaced the time consuming manual work. The status quo has largely remained. Working hours have stayed relatively the same over the past 4 years.
Numerically yes, but if the wage factors in both inflation as well as increases in costs of living, the actual wage for most architects is either static or effectively decreased over the past decade. Wages relative to other technical professionals have declined. Although there is a reported shortage of architects, fees are declining, and market forces are distorted by public sector procurement obsessed with imposing unfair contractual conditions.
There is more awareness among the public on what architects are to be charging and architects are conferring more with one another on fees, facilitated by focused social media groupings. GDP increases in Hong Kong. In real terms there have been improvements in wages for architectural professionals, although not commensurate with increasing levels of responsibility. Principle of Supply and demand. Other than following inflationary creep, the status quo has remained. However there has been progress in equity for women. The firm has won numerous awards for their characteristic mixed-use schemes, transit-oriented development, contextual urban placemaking, and cultural buildings.
They were also part of a "new wave" of British firms experimenting with high-tech architecture. Aedas is an international architectural firm that provides services in architecture, interior design, landscape design, urban design, masterplanning, and graphics. It was established in as an alliance between three existing companies in the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, and Australia.
Other mixed-commercial. It is one of the oldest architecture and engineering firms in the world. Arthur Turner, a structural engineer, joined the firm in From onwards, the name Palmer and Turner was kept, d. Graham-Brown practiced from to Alfred Richard Gerrard Authorized Architect was one of their staff from to Farrell from to Office Fig.
Far East Architectural Engineering Corporation from to Charles E. Warren C. It appeared before to in HK. He was a Belgian. Weaser had his own practice and Raven in partnership with Oscar Church Fig. The design sketch of St. Later prepared by Rev. Raven and Basto University of Peking. Van Wylick prepared the plans from the sketch. It is suspected that Van separated and had their own practice in until Both firms resumed practice after WWII. Wylick also designed Eucliff s, at Repulse Bay. He was the project architect of Northcote Training College Fig. He had Brooke Authorized Architect E.
They had branch office in Shanghai. CLP Admin. Tung Wah Group of Hospitals was one of their clients. Clark had his own practice Building Fig. Practicing in HK from Building practiced before to Arthur Poonoo Samy Authorized Architect practiced before to There are also names of Authorized Architect who are not in the directory. Both Brossard and Mopin were French ascending order of years for easy reference of architects around the same period. They had involved in the construction of St. William Thom Authorized Architect practiced from to He came to HK in and worked for the Fig.
He had a sketchbook showing the Henry Charles Durrschmidt Authorized Architect camp life, was published in He designed a residence Galesend at The Peak in Aston Webb and E. Architect He was the architect of Peking Union Medical College He designed the Chinese Fig. Eng , Authorized Architect Henry J. But there is no record of their training background.
Hong Kong as an international trade port has foreigners from different countries. The British government, foreign investors and missionaries brought in architects or designers from different In s, there were more new Chinese Authorized Architects. There was one in , four in countries for their buildings. The sudden increase of number in and may be due to Japanese invasion of Mr.
Hardwicke London - St. Hardwiche was the original china in The Cathedral was designed in Gothic style. His design was modified by never been practised in HK before Gordon Surveyor-General and drawn up by George Strachan before he resigned in Projects completed before , involved in the construction of the cathedral. The Fig. Sc Arch , Authorized Architect I would like to acknowledge the following people who gave me great help Purvis, Malcolm. Chan practiced with most of his time in Canton before Grace Chan and Mr. Alex Smith, Joyce Stevens. South China Morning Post. Hong Kong Then and Now Fig.
The Lord Wilson Heritage Trust. Cheng Po Hung, Prof. Dan Waters and Mr.
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